It would be interesting to take a deeper cultural look at this issue. We know the Hellenistic Mediterranean world Jesus inhabited was rife with sexual abuse of children.
Slave owners could and did use children sexually without much social opprobrium.
Though some historians believe that when the Roman biographer Suetonius told stories of Tiberius on Capri playing abusive sexual games with little boys, he did so as a form of propaganda, tapping into negative attitudes about such behavior.
I wonder if the Jewish people of Jesus’s day resented Roman and Greek rulers in Palestine because they sometimes sexually abused children?
I’ve never encountered that idea anywhere, but it would make sense and might be worth looking for evidence. If there’s anything to it, it could certainly shed some cultural light on the passages you mention.